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One Tail Extreme

One Tail Extreme

How to use the p-value to determine whether or not you can reject the null hypothesis

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This calculator will tell you the one-tailed right-tail area under the standard normal curve, given a Z-score i.

One Tail Extreme

The consequences in this example are extreme, but they illustrate a danger of inappropriate use of a one-tailed test. So when is a one-tailed test appropriate. If you consider the consequences of missing an effect in the untested direction and conclude that they are negligible and in no way irresponsible or unethical, then you can proceed with.

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Some hypotheses predict only that one value will be different One Tail Extreme another, without additionally predicting which will be higher. The test of such a hypothesis is nondirectional or two‐tailed because X Video extreme test statistic in either tail of the distribution (positive or negative) will lead to the rejection of the null hypothesis of no difference.




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