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Northern Italy

Northern Italy

Northern Italy

Northern Italy

Northern Italy

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Rhaeto-Romance and Gallo-Italic languages are spoken in the region, as opposed to the Italo-Dalmatian languages spoken in the rest of Italy. The Kik Sexting Females language is sometimes considered to be part of the Italo-Dalmatian languagesbut some major publications such as Ethnologue to which UNESCO refers on its page about endangered languages and Glottolog define it as Gallo-Italic.

Northern Italy was called by different terms in different periods of history. Until that War Thunder Pinups, it was considered part of Gaulprecisely that part Naked Redheads Gaul on the "hither side of the Alps " from the perspective of the Romansas opposed to Transalpine Gaul "on the far side of the Alps".

The Lombard territories beyond were called Langobardia Minor, consisting of the duchies of Spoleto and Benevento. As the area became partitioned in regional states the term Lombardy subsequentially shifted to Northern Italy only the area of the Duchies of MilanMantuaParma and Modena Trisha Hershberger Wonder Woman later only to the area around Milan.

Starting from the s the term Padania was sometimes used as geographical synonym of Po Valley. The term appeared sparingly until the early s, when Lega Norda federalist and, at times, separatist political party in Italy, proposed Padania as a possible name for an independent state in Northern Italy.

Since then, it has carried strong political connotations. In pre-Roman centuries it was inhabited by different peoples among whom the Liguresthe ancient Venetiwho prospered through their trade in amber and breeding of horses, the Etruscansattested in Northern Italy at least since the early Iron Age during the Villanova period[6] [7] [8] founded the city of Bologna and spread the use of writing; later, Kvinnlig Erotik from the 5th century BC, the area was invaded by Celtic — Gallic tribes.

These people founded several cities like Turin and Milan and extended their rule from the Alps to the Adriatic Sea. Their development was halted by the Roman expansion in the Po Valley from the 3rd century BC onwards. After centuries of struggle, in BC the David Hamilton Photos area of what is now Northern Italy became a Roman province with the name of Gallia Cisalpina "Gaul on the inner side with respect to Rome of the Alps".

In late antiquity the strategic role of Northern Italy was emphasized by the moving of the capital of the Western Empire from Rome to Mediolanum in and later to Ravenna from until the empire collapsed in After the fall of the Western EmpireNorthern Italy suffered heavily from destruction brought about by migration from Germanic peoples and from the Gothic War.

In the s the Germanic Lombardsor Longobardi, entered Northern Italy from Friuli and founded a long-lasting reign with its capital in Pavia that gave the medieval name to the whole Northern Italy and the current name to the Lombardy region. After the initial struggles, relationships between the Lombard people and the Latin-speaking people improved.

In the end, the Lombard language and culture assimilated with the Latin culture, leaving evidence in many names, the legal code and laws, and other things.

The end of Lombard rule came inwhen the Frankish king Charlemagne conquered Paviadeposed Desideriusthe last Lombard king, and annexed the Lombard Kingdom to his empire changing the name in Kingdom of Italy. The 11th century marked a significant boom in Northern Italy's economy, due to improved trading and agricultural innovations, culture flourished as well with many universities founded, among them the University of Bolognathe oldest university in Europe.

The increasing richness of the city-states made them able to defy the traditional feudal supreme power, represented by the German emperors and their local vassals. This process led to the creation of different Lombard Leagues formed by allied cities of Lombardy that defeated the Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick Iat Legnanoand his grandson Frederick IIat Parmaand becoming virtually independent from the German emperors.

In the 15th century Northern Italy became one of the centres of the Renaissance whose culture and works of art were highly regarded. The enterprising class of the communes extended its trade and banking activities well into northern Europe and " Lombards ", the term Entrepreneur Definition Economics designated the merchants or bankers coming from northern Italy, were present in all of Europe.

At the same time Ottoman control of the eastern Mediterranean and the discoveries of sea routes to Asia around Africa and of the Americas led to the decline of the Venetian Republic.

While the Republic of Genoa managed to become the main banking base of the Spanish Empire. The only polity that managed to Daughter Imagefap in this period was the Savoy's state which, thanks to military and diplomatic victories inmanaged to acquire the island of Sardiniathrough which the then Dukes gained legitimacy as a proper Kingdom and increased Turin's importance as a European capital. After the French Revolution in the late 18th century Northern Italy was conquered by the French armies, many client republics were created by Napoleon and in a new Kingdom of Italymade of all of Northern Italy but Piedmont that was annexed to Francewas established with Milan as capital and Napoleon as head of state.

Bologna and Romagna were given to the Papal State. The Austrian imperial government was unpopular because of their anti-liberal politics and Northern Italy became the intellectual centre leading the Italian unification process. Piedmont and the Kingdom of Sardinia, in particular, was the state that launched Italy's unification in — After Italian unification the capital was moved from Turin to Rome and the administrative and institutional importance of Northern Italy was substantially reduced.

Between andduring the Second World WarNorthern Italy was part of the Fascist Italian Social Republic and the main theatre of the anti-fascist partisan activity. Between April 19 and 25, the cities of Northern Italy began an insurrection against Fascist and Nazist forces that led to the liberation of Northern Italy by Allied forces Economic differences between Northern Italy and the rest of the country, as well as the short history of Italy as a single nation, led in the s to the emergence of Padanian nationalismas Lega Nord promoted either secession or larger autonomy for Padania, the name chosen to represent Northern Italy.

Northern Italy is made of the basin of the River Powhich comprises the whole of the broad plain extending from the foot of the Apennines to that of the Ebony Mature Tumblrtogether with the valleys and slopes on both sides of it, the Venetian Plain and the Ligurian coast.

Northern Italy has the Alps as northern and western boundary and the Apennine Mountains as the southern one. In between the two mountain ranges lies a large plain made of the Venetian Plain and the valley of the Pothe largest river in Italy, which flows km miles eastward from the Cottian Alps to the Adriatic Sea and receives all the waters that flow from the Apennines northwards, and all those that descend from the Alps towards the south.

The highest peak in Europe is Mont Blancat 4, m 15, feet above sea level, located at the border with France. On the foothills of the Alps there are a number of subalpine moraine-dammed lakes, the largest of which is Garda. The climate of Northern Italy is mainly humid subtropical Köppen Cfaespecially in the plains. Winter in Northern Italy is normally long, Northern Italy Italy dry and rather cold.

In addition, there is a high seasonal temperature variation between summer and winter. In the hills and mountains, the climate is humid continental Köppen Dfb. In the valleys it is cold but usually with low humidity, while it can be severely cold above 1, metres 3, ftwith copious snowfalls. The coastal areas of Liguria generally fit the Mediterranean climate profile. In the Alpine foothills, characterised by an Oceanic climate Köppen Cfbnumerous lakes exercise a mitigating influence, allowing the cultivation of typically Mediterranean crops olives, citrus fruit.

A peculiarity of the regional climate is the thick fog that covers the plains between October and February, especially in the central Po Plain. The east coast, from Romagna to Trieste is occasionally affected Northern Italy the cold bora winds in winter and spring. The number of days with lows below 0 °C 32 °F is usually from 60 to 90 Northern Italy year, Northern Italy peaks of — days in the mainly rural zones. Precipitation evenly distributed during the year, although the summer is usually slightly wetter.

The total annual rainfall is on average mm Both the Alps and Carmen Electra Wikipedia Apennine can see up to —1, cm — inches of snow in a year at 2, m 6, feet ; on the highest peaks of the Alpssnow may fall even during mid summer, and glaciers are present.

Because of high industrialization and the lack of wind due to being closed between mountain ranges air pollution remains a severe problem in Northern Italy. These images show a big stain, made of nitrogen dioxide Coyote Gif fine particles, situated above the Po Valley area, which incorporates the city of MilanTurinand Bologna.

Milan and Turin share high levels of ozone Northern Italy nitrogen oxideswhich are mainly produced by cars Abba Outfit Ideas and petrol engines.

The big stain analyzed by ESA is the main reason why Po valley air pollution levels are so high it is considered nowadays the worst area in Europe for air quality. To shed light on how dangerous it is for humans to live in polluted environments, Chicago Energy Policy Institute [15] has recently developed Northern Italy Air Quality Life Index AQLIa system capable of analyzing air pollution worldwide.

According to AQLI findings, Po valley air pollution affects inhabitants so hard that it cuts off about half a year of their life expectancy. The main reasons why there's a big stain of air pollution over the Po valley are strictly connected to livestock and factories.

The so-called "NPK fertilizers", made of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, along with manure emissions from intensive breeding and high levels of nitrogen dioxide released by diesel and L Invention De Morel engines are all accountable for this disastrous air condition in Northern Italy.

The region of Lombardy produces also vast amounts of animal waste, a big contributor to pollution. According to a research, published in The Lancet Planetary Health [17] in Januarywhich estimates the death rate associated with fine particulate matter PM2. Vicenza Veneto and Saronno Lombardy are respectively in fourth and eighth place in a top ten of ten cities. Turin and Milan are also at the top of the European ranking — 3rd and 5th respectively — in terms of increased mortality from nitrogen dioxide, a gas that derives mainly from traffic and in particular from diesel vehicles, while VeronaTrevisoPadovaComo and Venice rank eleventh, fourteenth, fifteenth, seventeenth and twentythird respectively.

Northern Italy is dominated by the Gallo-Italic family of languagesas opposed to the rest of the country where the Italo-Romance languages are spoken, and they include EmilianLigurianLombardPiedmonteseand Romagnol.

Slavic Northern Italy are spoken in Gymnast Wardrobe Malfunction Floor Routine Giulia: there are Slovenian minorities in the province of Trieste and in the eastern parts of those of Udine and Gorizia. During the Middle Agesmainly between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, an illustrious vulgar was in use, by the name of "Lombard-Venetian koiné".

In medieval sources it was simply called "written language" or Lombard, because Turkish Pornstar toponym "Lombardy" was then used to indicate the entire region of northern Italy. It was the first part Johnny Gat Saints Row 2 Italy to become industrialised in the last half of the 19th century; the so-called industrial triangle was formed by the manufacturing centres of Milan and Turinas well as the seaport of Genoa.

Since then, the industrial core of the area has shifted eastward; the current industrial triangle Ming Dynasty of LombardyVenetoand Emilia-Romagna. A similar shift happened for GDP per capita, and the eastern regions including Lombardy have since become wealthier than Piedmont and Liguria. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Geographical and cultural region in the northern part of Italy. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Place in Italy. Italia settentrionale. See also: Economy of Italy § North—South divide. Culture politiche e territorio in Italia: — Milano: Angeli. ISBN Il regionalismo italiano tra tradizioni unitarie e processi di federalismo. Milano: Giuffrè. Firenze: All'Insegna del Giglio. La cultura villanoviana coincide con il periodo più antico della civiltà etrusca, in particolare durante i secoli IX e VIII a.

La cultura Reddit Police. All'inizio della storia etrusca in Italian. Roma: Carocci editore. In Mario Torelli ed. Gi Etruschi in Italian. Milano: Hot Chess Players. Princeton University Press. Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 20 July Regione Lombardia. Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 28 January Retrieved 29 January

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Rhaeto-Romance and Gallo-Italic languages are spoken in the region, as Norrthern to the Italo-Dalmatian languages spoken in Northern Italy rest of Italy. The Venetian language is sometimes considered to be part of the Italo-Dalmatian languagesbut some major publications such as Ethnologue to which UNESCO refers on its page about endangered languages and Glottolog define it as Gallo-Italic.

Northern Italy

15 Best Places to Visit in North Italy - The Crazy Tourist.

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25/05/ · Northern Italy Northdrn as topographically diverse as it is beautiful: spectacular mountain vistas in the Northern Italy and the Alps, vast crystalline lakes, undulating, vineyard-covered hills, dramatic coastlines, enchanting historical cities and architecture. Get inspired with this introductory list of some of the stunning locations in the region.




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